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Many photographers use Solid State Drives (SSDs) as they are faster than regular hard drives. But they’re also more expensive and have less storage space. For example, my iMac’s SSD has a capacity of 256GB. I can work with that as I save most of my documents on external hard drives. The gain in speed, especially for working in Lightroom, is worth it.
But it does mean that I have to keep an eye on how much space my Solid State Drive has, and so will you if you’re in the same situation. Everything on your computer, including Lightroom, will run more slowly if you don’t have enough spare space on your main hard drive.
So, how much space do you need?
I’ve never been able to find an exact figure for this, but the rule of thumb seems to be 20%. Apparently if you have an SSD you can get away with less. In my case, with my 256GB hard drive, that means I need to keep 50GB free to keep my computer happy. In practice, I’ve had less than 30GB free and not noticed any difference in Lightroom’s performance.
The 20% figure also applies to any external hard drives that you save photos and other documents on. Aim to stay within 80% of the hard drive’s capacity to keep Lightroom happy.
You can have problems with storage space no matter which version of Lightroom you have, but the problem is bigger with Lightroom Classic CC because you can end up with three different versions of Lightroom installed on your computer.
Before you start
But before we go into the detail, there’s three things you should do first.
1. Back up your computer
It’s a good idea to backup the contents of your computer’s hard drive before you start messing around with Lightroom installations. Especially important stuff like your Catalog and preview files. That way, you can easily restore any files you delete by mistake.
The easiest method is to use your computer’s dedicated backup software – Time Machine for Mac OS X and Windows Backup and Restore for Windows.
You can also copy all your Catalog and preview files to an external hard drive. This is important because you may have Catalogs and preview files left over from old Lightroom installations. It’s easy to delete the wrong files, so cover yourself by making copies.
2. Empty your Trash Can / Recycle Bin
This is kind of basic, but it’s easy to forget to empty your Trash Can (Mac) or Recycle Bin (PC) on a regular basis. You may be surprised by how much stuff you have in there, and how much space you free up when you empty it.
A word of warning – the Trash Can / Recycle Bin exists as a backup that lets you restore deleted files. Please make sure that there’s nothing in your Trash Can / Recycle Bin you might actually need before you empty it.
3. Check your documents
You may also be surprised by how many large files you have amongst your documents, especially if you have downloaded any video courses. Which of these can you save on an external hard drive? I checked mine the other day and found 17GB of files that I could move to another drive.
Now that’s done, let’s look at what you can do with Lightroom itself to free up space on your hard drive.
1. Uninstall older versions of Lightroom
If you used Lightroom CC (2015) and you’ve recently installed Lightroom Classic CC then you’ll find that you still have Lightroom CC (2015) installed on your computer. On my Mac Lightroom CC (2015) is a 1.6GB file, so that’s a lot of hard drive space to give to a program that you may no longer use. If you’ve installed Lightroom Classic CC and you’re happy with it then I see no reason to keep Lightroom CC (2015) on you computer. Uninstall it to free up space.
To do so, go to the Creative Cloud app and click the arrow on the right of blue button (1 – below) by Lightroom CC (2015). One of the options is Uninstall (2). Click it to start the uninstallation process.
You can also do the same with even older versions of Lightroom. There’s no point in keeping Lightroom 3, 4, 5 or 6 on your computer if you’re never going to use them. Lightroom 3, 4 and 5 aren’t handled by the Creative Cloud app, so it’s possible they are still installed on your computer and you’ve forgotten they are there. One possible exception – you may want to keep the older version if you think you may cancel your Lightroom Classic CC subscription one day and revert to using a standalone version of Lightroom.
By the way, Adobe has a page on its website where you can download older versions of Lightroom. You can find it here.
You can apply this to other programs. If you have any unused programs on your computer, especially older versions of current software, you can remove them.
2. Remove old Lightroom Catalogs and preview files
When you upgrade to Lightroom Classic CC from Lightroom CC (2015) Lightroom updates the Catalog and creates a new Catalog and preview files that work with Lightroom Classic CC (but not older versions of Lightroom). As a result you end up with two lots of Lightroom files.
In the screenshot below, the green rectangle shows the Catalog and preview files used by Lightroom Classic CC (I renamed the Catalog so I didn’t get it confused with the older one). The red rectangle shows the files that are used by Lightroom CC (2015) on my machine (yours may have different names). These can be deleted. As mentioned earlier, it’s a good idea to back them up first just in case you need them or delete the wrong files.
Most photographers use a single Catalog, but if you have more than one Catalog you need to be extra careful here as that makes it even easier to delete the wrong files by mistake.
3. Delete Lightroom CC
If you don’t use the new Lightroom CC (read our article What Version Of Lightroom Should I Use? if you’re unsure what Lightroom CC is) then there’s no point in having it on your computer.
Why uninstall Lightroom CC? Two reasons. First, the program file itself is quite large (1.74GB on my iMac). Second, it creates a new Catalog file which is also quite large (called Lightroom Library.lrlibrary). You may not even know this file exists as it isn’t saved in the same folder as the Lightroom Classic CC Catalog.
This file can get quite big if you use Lightroom CC as it stores your photo files in this file before it uploads them to Adobe’s servers. It deletes the photo files after they have been uploaded, which then reduces the Catalog size.
You can find the Lightroom Library.lrlibrary by opening Lightroom CC, going to Preferences and clicking on Local Storage (1 – below). The filename and location are displayed in the window (2), but may be truncated due to the length. You can get around that by clicking the Browse button (3) to open the folder where it’s stored.
Use the same technique to uninstall Lightroom CC that you did for Lightroom CC (2015). You can re-install it at any time via the Creative Cloud app if you change your mind.
How I freed up over 68GB of hard drive space
So, where did my space saving of 68GB come from? Let’s take a close look at the numbers in the screenshot I showed you earlier. They really are quite amazing. The green rectangle shows the Catalog, Previews and Smart Previews files for my installation of Lightroom Classic CC.
The red rectangle shows the same files for Lightroom CC (2015). You can see that the Catalog is nearly double the size. The Previews folder is nearly 30GB bigger (I don’t know why, I can only guess that Lightroom discarded some previews when I upgraded to Lightroom Classic CC). The Smart Previews folder is also slightly bigger, but only because I’ve discarded some Smart Previews from Lightroom Classic CC.
Those three Lightroom CC (2015) files add up to 50GB. Lightroom CC (2015) itself is another 1.6GB. Add in the 17GB of document files I moved to another hard drive the space saving comes to over 68GB. I’ve kept Lightroom CC so I can use it, but if I had deleted it I would have saved nearly another 3GB of hard drive space. Impressive!
More reasons why Lightroom uses lots of hard drive space
The problems covered in this article are mostly specific to Lightroom CC, but there are lots of other ways that Lightroom expands to take up hard drive space. I’ll be covering those, and the solutions to the problems, in part 2. I’ll add the link below when it’s ready.
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